5 Strategies to Help Struggling SpellersJune 25, 2018
Do you have a child that struggles in spelling? You would know based on your child’s frustration and agony of practicing each week’s spelling words, and the constant struggle to be successful on quizzes and tests. Unfortunately, if left unchecked, poor spelling skills will stick with kids throughout their lives, wreaking havoc on their writing proficiency for years to come. Word processors are handy for accomplished writers, but the ability to correct one’s own spelling is an invaluable tool in anyone’s educational and professional lives.
If you’re looking for ways to support a struggling speller, look no further. The following tips can help your child get back on track learning the skills he or she needs to be a successful speller and writer.
Reinforce Basic Spelling Rules
Have you ever looked at a word your or someone else wrote on paper and said to yourself that it just doesn’t “look right”? Most of us have had this experience regularly, and it’s all thanks to the spelling rules that have been long ingrained within us from an early age. Many of us remember the mnemonic rule, “I before E, except after C”, among many other rhymes and rules that our teachers have taught us over the years.
If your child is struggling with spelling, perhaps the first step is to go back to the basics to ensure that your child has memorized as many spelling rules as possible. Mnemonic devices and songs help to reinforce memorization of these basic rules. Free printable spelling worksheets might help with the basic memorization of these spelling rules, and the application of the rules they have learned.
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Organize Spelling Lists by Word Families
We all tend to learn better if we can see a pattern. Our minds look for patterns to make connections; it’s a big factor in how we learn! That said, kids learn spelling better when the words are organized in a logical way. To organize spelling words, make sure that the words you’re using are similar to each other in a key way.
Word families are a group of words that have a similar sound or feature. For instance, the words ball, small, and fall, share the “all” sound and letter combination such as:
- L blends: "fl", "bl", "gl" words; "pl", "cl", "sl" words
- Consonant blends
- Words with long vowels "e", "ee", "ea" and "y"
These words are in the same word family. Similarly, organize your child’s spelling word lists by word families to help kids learn and memorize words with similar sound and spelling attributes for ease of learning.
Master Sight Words
Reading and writing goes hand in hand. Most teachers will tell you that the best writers are also skillful readers. Thus, learning to read, and reading often, helps children learn to spell and write because of simple exposure and experience with language in print.
Sight words are all about the memorization of common words so that kids can instantly recognize them when they see them. If kids can instantly recognize sight words in text, they should also remember how to spell sight words. This is because when kids memorize sight words, they are learning to read those words visually, not by sounding them out.
When choosing both sight and spelling lists, make sure that the words are developmentally appropriate to your child’s current abilities, not their age. If your child is in the 3rd grade, but reads and writes at only a 1st grade level, your child should be learning 1st grade words, or otherwise your child will become frustrated and unmotivated. Start at your child’s level and work up from there. Check out how to help kids struggling with sight words.
Breaking Down Words by Sounds
Finally, if your child continues to struggle with spelling, you might have to take him or her back to the very basics by breaking down words down to their sounds, or phonograms by using these phonics worksheets. A phonogram is an individual letter or combination of letters that represent a common sound.
For example, the word “back” uses a “ck” letter combination, but the sound that is produced sounds only like a “k” sound. By breaking words down to phonograms, kids learn that common letter combinations are used in many words, teaching them to use those common combinations in the words they spell.
Using Manipulatives to Practice Spelling
When basic introductory strategies fail to do the trick, it might be time to switch to a different strategy. If mere memorization, reading, and learning sight words don’t improve your child’s spelling struggles, use manipulatives to help bring spelling to life.
Manipulatives are anything that your child can touch and interact with in a hands-on way. You can use foam or magnetic letters, blocks, puzzle pieces, spelling tiles, or anything you can find that allows your child a way to interact with letters and words. Using manipulatives can make spelling practice more engaging by allowing for a fun spelling game for kids that is highly motivating and rewarding. A quick internet search will yield all kinds of engaging spelling games and activities that will entice your child to practice spelling in an engaging, hands-on way.
While some kids are just naturally good at spelling, sometimes despite our best efforts, kids falter when it comes to spelling. The best way out is to intervene early and use the above tips, and your child will improve their spelling skills in no time!